Editor's note: This popular story from the Daily Briefing's archives was republished on April 25, 2019.
Cleveland Clinic released its annual list of the top 10 medical innovations the health system predicts will "transform health care in 2019."
For the list, a panel of Cleveland Clinic scientists and physicians, led by Cleveland Clinic's Chief Wellness Officer Michael Roizen sifted through over 100 nominations and interviewed dozens of scientists. The panel used that information to select the 10 up-and-coming innovations they predict will "significantly transform the medical field and improve care for patients at Cleveland Clinic and throughout the world," according to Roizen.
The panel predicts that alternative therapies for pain will be the most important innovation of 2019.
And research into the topic is underway at the Clinic. The Clinic is exploring innovative treatments for pain management, including aromatherapy, dietary changes, and stress management, to curb the number of unnecessary opioid prescriptions. Doctors are also employing pharmacogenomic testing, which analyzes a patient's genetic makeup to determine how well the patient will metabolize certain medication. This information can help prevent prescriptions for medications that might be ineffective at providing pain relief as well as prescriptions that could lead to adverse reactions.
The other selected innovations, listed in order of predicted impact, are:
Artificial intelligence (AI), which health systems use to improve decision support, patient triage, and image analysis, is "a game changer" for the health care industry, according to Cleveland Clinic CIO Ed Marx. AI allows physicians to make better decisions regarding patient interventions, reduces physician burnout, and improves the image analysis process by "quickly making sense of the mountains of data within a physician's [EHR] system," the Clinic said in a release.
Recently released guidelines this year enforce an increased timeframe for stroke intervention, which will allow more recovery time and decrease the risk of disability for patients who suffer strokes.
In the past few years, researchers have made important advances in immunotherapy, which triggers a patient's immune system to attack cancerous tumors. The Clinic expects that future discoveries of new immunotherapy targets and biomarkers will lead to more effective treatment methods for more types of cancer.
3-D printing provides patients with customized medical devices—including airway stents, cranial implants, and external prosthetics—that are specific to the patients' dimensions and anatomy. These devices are more comfortable, improve performance outcomes, and are often more easily "accepted" by the patients' bodies, according to the Clinic. Tom Gildea of the Clinic's Respiratory Institute said, "This ability to impact patients' lives directly with technology specifically designed for them—that certainly is going to have great hope going forward in many different specialties."
Health systems are using virtual and mixed reality (VR/MR) to provide health professionals with simulation training to sharpen their practice. VR/MR uses audio, visual, and kinesthetic training to help health professionals "understand ... the 3-D relationship between various structures in the human body—down to the microscopic level," according to Neil Mehta, of the Clinic's Education Institute. Currently, Cleveland Clinic partners with Zygote Medical Education to develop 3-D anatomical models that future doctors will be able to access through a mobile device or desktop app to supplement other forms of medical training.
A new hemorrhage scanning visor, which detects ruptured blood vessels in the brain, allows health professionals to quickly detect, diagnose, and treat hemorrhagic strokes—which cause almost 40% of stroke deaths.
Robotized surgery can increase precision, lessen pain during recovery, and reduce recovery time, the Clinic said. Surgeons usually use robots for minimally invasive surgeries, but future advancements could authorize their usage for more complex procedures, according to the Clinic.
Performing cardiac surgery through percutaneous intervention, or using a catheter in the skin, can reduce the pain, side effects, and trauma that follow invasive surgeries. According to the Clinic, percutaneous surgery increases the number of positive patient outcomes following cardiac surgery, inspiring researchers to consider using the method on a larger patient population.
With RNA-based gene therapies, scientists can detect and intercept genetic abnormalities in patients before translation. Scientists are exploring ways to use successful RNA therapies, like RNA interference and antisense nucleotides, to treat Huntington's disease, cancer, and neurologic diseases (Tye, WKYC3, 10/24; Roth, HealthLeaders Media, 10/24; Slabodkin, Health Data Management, 10/25).
Rachel Woods, Senior Consultant, Medical Group Strategy Council
Many health systems are investing in innovative technologies and products in hopes of setting themselves apart from their competitors—but all too often, their seemingly revolutionary ideas never make it off the drawing board.
Why not? We've studied how dozens of health systems and medical groups approach innovation, and we've discovered that successful innovators embrace four key principles.
As a health system leader, you might choose to pursue any of the innovations outlined by the Cleveland Clinic, or you might prefer to design their own new products. But either way, it's imperative to ground your innovations in an existing business challenge. Start by defining your goal. Then, engage physicians, and over-invest in implementation.
To learn more about key lessons for deploying disruptive technologies, download our new report on Attaining a First Mover Advantage Through Innovation.
This infographic outlines the six keys to successfully implement innovation. Use the action steps as a guide to overcome common challenges in the implementation process.
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