April 14, 2020

The 2019-2020 flu season, charted

Daily Briefing

    Between 39 million and 56 million people have been sickened with the flu as of April 4, according to the latest CDC data.

    Flu activity so far

    According to Friday's Weekly Influenza Surveillance report from CDC, 11 states were experiencing widespread flu activity in the week ending on April 4, while 19 states were experiencing regional flu activity. The data shows 12 states and Washington, D.C., were experiencing local flu activity in the week ending on April 4, seven states were experiencing sporadic flu activity, and Rhode Island was experiencing no flu activity.

    By some indicators, this flu season has been worse than last flu season. For example, the data shows the cumulative hospitalization rate for the flu so far this season was 68.2 per 100,000 people as of the week ending on April 4, compared with 59.9 per 100,000 at the same point last season.

    According to CDC, this year's flu season has led to at least 18 million medical visits and 410,000 hospitalizations as of the week ending on April 4. CDC found that the percentage of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness decreased to 3.9% in the week ending on April 4, down from 5.2% the previous week. The national baseline for those visits is 2.4%.

    CDC estimated that there had been at least 24,000 deaths related to the flu so far this season.

    Worst flu season for children in a decade

    This flu season has been especially bad for children, according to CDC. The latest CDC report shows 166 pediatric deaths were reported as of April 4. The cumulative hospitalization rate for children ages four and under this season as of the week ending on April 4 was 94.1 per 100,000 people.

    Experts say the high number of pediatric deaths this flu season is due to the fact that both influenza A and B have been dominant, leading to what's being called a "double barrel" flu season. Experts say the influenza B strain is more likely to affect younger people, though they're not sure why. Some believe that older people may have some immunity to influenza B, as it doesn't mutate as much as other flu strains, meaning it's possible older people have caught the strain circulating this season before (CDC Weekly U.S. Influenza Surveillance Report, 4/10; CDC "Flu View," accessed 4/13; CDC Preliminary In-Season 2019-2020 Flu Burden Estimates, accessed 4/13; Schumaker, ABC News, 2/21; Wesner Childs, Weather.com, 2/14; Edwards, NBC News, 2/20).

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