While smoking has become far less common in recent years, hospitals are increasingly offering smoking cessation programs to patients as a preventive measure to increase patient health and decrease medical costs. Such programs can help patients quit—and can be accomplished with few resources and little to no investment.
Smoking cessation programs on the rise, but long-term impacts are questionable
There's no one-type-fits-all hospital-based smoking cessation program. Some programs provide inpatient-only education and counseling alongside pharmacotherapy; others provide inpatient counseling and refer patients to outside support services; while still others go as far as providing inpatient and outpatient counseling.
But what is the impact of smoking cessation programs? A wealth of research studies show that these programs are moderately effective at helping patients use fewer cigarettes, quit smoking, decrease acute care utilization, and live longer. That said, the long-term impact of these programs is limited, as only 6.2% of smokers who try to quit are successful─most patients eventually relapse.
Minimal-investment programs show equal success to high-investment options
Considering the high rates of relapse, many hospitals are looking for smoking cessation programs that require only small investments but still yield desirable results. And they're in luck: Research suggests that not only can online smoking cessation programs be as successful as in-person programs, but they can offer advantages over more traditional programs.
These programs are more sustainable to operate because they have no associated costs or staffing needs. Additionally, online or app-based options are accessible to patients who may not be willing or able to participate in more traditional interventions, increasing treatment adherence.