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September 27, 2019

Weekend reads: French chef sues over allegations of using cheddar in a soufflé

Daily Briefing

    Ben Palmer's reads

    Maybe cheddar isn't better. Marc Veyrat, a renowned French chef, announced on Tuesday that he is suing the Michelin Guide after the restaurant guidebook downgraded his restaurant La Maison des Bois in Manigod, France, from three starts to two. According to Veyrat, his restaurant was downgraded because Michelin's reviewer mistakenly thought the restaurant's cheese soufflé had cheddar cheese in it. Veyrat said the color of the cheese in the dish came from saffron, rather than cheddar, and is requesting an explanation from Michelin for its decision. "They dared to say that we put cheddar in our soufflé of reblochon, beaufort, and tomme," Veyrat said. "They have insulted our region; my employees were furious." Veyrat blamed the "amateur" nature of the Michelin reviewers for the demotion and said they were "imposters" who deliberately start fights for publicity. "I've been in a depression for six months," he said. "How dare you take hostage the health of cooks?"

    Sleep apnea may be tied to anxiety and depression. People with obstructive sleep apnea may be at a higher risk for mood disorders than people without the condition, according to a recent study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. For the study, researchers observed 197 Korean men and women diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea and 788 people without the syndrome, controlling for age, sex, health, and socioeconomic characteristics. None of the participants had been diagnosed with depression, bipolar illness, or an anxiety disorder before the study. After following the participants for an average of nine years, the researchers found that people diagnosed with sleep apnea were almost three times as likely to be diagnosed with depression and nearly twice as likely to be diagnosed with anxiety than those in the control group. The researchers said the reason for the association is unknown.

    Danielle Poindexter's reads

    No, periods cannot sync. Television has helped maintain the myth of "menstrual synchrony," or period syncing, by showing scenarios in which female characters' menstrual periods have synced after spending a lot of time together—but it turns out, "period synchronization as a result of prolonged proximity" is a myth, Ashley Fetter writes for the Atlantic. The concept of period syncing was introduced by researcher Martha McClintock, who in a 1971 study found that women who lived together in a dorm over six months had a "significant increase in synchronization," meaning the women went from having a six and a half days' difference between period start dates to a little less than five. Multiple studies since then have failed to replicate McClintock's results, and one researcher, Beverly Strassmann, pointed out that women have their periods at the same time as other women about "a quarter of the time…based on random chance." So, why has the myth survived? Because people want it to be true, according to Fetter. "The idea that women's bodies can fall into collective rhythms carries a certain mysterious, otherworldly appeal and… gives women a way to feel connection, empathy, and collective empowerment with other women," she writes.

    Researchers have found what makes dogs so special. In his new book, "Dog Is Love: Why and How Your Dog Loves You," Clive Wynne, a psychologist and founder of the Canine Science Collaboratory at Arizona State University, goes through multiple studies on dogs to determine what sets dogs apart. According to Wynne, what makes dogs remarkable is their capacity to establish affectionate relationships with other species—meaning their ability to love. Wynne, in an interview with Washington Post, expresses that he was at first "resistant to the idea that" our dogs truly love us, and that they weren't simply "faking it" to get more treats. But evidence shows that there really is a bond between dogs and their humans. In one experiment, Wynne asked dog owners to crawl inside a box and then cry as if they were distressed to "see whether the dog will open the box for them," according to Wynne, "about one-third of dogs rescue their owners. But pretty much all dogs look very, very upset." So while dogs' version of affection may be different than the way humans experience the emotion, "it's fair enough to use the love word," according to Wynne.

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