The rates of opioid-related hospital admissions and ED visits rose by 64 and 99.4 percent, respectively, between 2005 and 2014, according to data released Thursday by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
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The data are based on information from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2005-2014 National Inpatient Sample, 2005-2014 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, 2009-2014 State Inpatient Databases, and 2009-2014 State Emergency Department Databases.
Opioid-related hospital admissions
According to the data, the national average rate of opioid-related hospitalizations was 225 per 100,000 people in 2014, compared with 137 per 100,000 people in 2005.
The data showed variations in opioid-related hospitalization rates by state. For instance, Maryland had the highest rate of opioid-related hospitalizations, at 362.1 per 100,000 people in 2014, while Iowa had the lowest rate, at 44.2 per 100,000 people in 2014. Oregon experienced the largest rate increase in opioid-related hospitalizations from 2009 to 2014, at 89 percent.
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Opioid-related ED visits
According to the data, the national average rate of opioid-related ED visits rose from 89.1 per 100,000 people in 2005 to 177.7 per 100,000 people in 2014.
The data showed opioid-related ED visit rates also varied by state. Massachusetts had the largest rate, at 441.6 visits per 100,000 people in 2014, while Iowa had the lowest rate, at 31.1 visits per 100,000 people in 2014. Ohio experienced the largest rate increase in opioid-related ED visits from 2009 to 2014, at 119.1 percent.
The data also showed the rate of opioid-related overdose deaths increased by 200 percent between 2000 and 2014. According to the data, "Between 2013 and 2014 alone, the rate of opioid overdose deaths increased 14 percent, from 7.9 to 9.0 per 100,000" people.
AHRQ in the data brief said the U.S. opioid misuse epidemic "has reached alarming levels in many parts of the United States, affecting the lives of thousands of individuals and families" (Mangan, CNBC, 12/15; Preidt, HealthDay, 12/15; Weiss et al., AHRQ data brief, December 2016).
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